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Porn Harms 'Palapala Peʻa

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He huaʻoiaʻiʻo maoli kēia no ka poʻe e makemake eʻike e pili ana i ka noi hou loa e pili ana i ka porn harms mai ka 2017-2019. Ua hoʻopaʻaʻia e John Foubert, Ph.D, LLC ma ka US, ke noiʻi a me ka mea kākau o "PeheaʻO nā Porn Harms:ʻO nā mea'ōpio, nā'ōpio, nā mākua a me nā kahu e pono eʻike".

Ua hoʻolālāʻo John i nā paukū e pili ana i nā ponokala a me ka hanaʻino, ka hana moekolohe, nā mea e pili ana i ka ponokalakala, ka maʻi noʻonoʻo, ka hoʻomana a me nā'ōpio. E pau me ka piha piha o nā pepa āna i kuhikuhi ai.

E hōʻike anaʻo Dr Brabert i kēiaʻano ma ka ʻO Coalition e Hoʻopau i ka Hōʻailona Hana Hana ma Washington DC i ka lā pōʻaia 13 June 2019.

ikaika
  1. ʻO ka'enekala kiʻi wikiwiki e hōʻike ana i ka hōʻeha a me ka hanaʻino i nā wāhine. Hoʻokumu kēia mau kiʻi i nā manaʻo pilikino kinoʻole, e alakaʻi ana i ka hoʻouluʻana i ka moekinoʻole e hiki ai ke alakaʻi i kaʻino (Sun, Ezzell, & Kendall, 2017).
  2. ʻO ka hōʻoleʻana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole i nā wāhine i ka hana kūpono i kaʻikeʻana i nā wāhine ma keʻano kūponoʻole -ʻoiai,ʻaʻole naʻe i kaupalenaʻia, ka hōʻoleʻana, kaʻaeʻana i ka hana hoʻomāinoino i nā wāhine, a me ka hanaʻana i ka manaʻo kūkākūkā e makemakeʻoleʻia i nā wāhine (Mikorski & Syzmanski, 2017; Wright & Bae, 2015).
  3. Hiki i nā kiʻi ponokala ke alakaʻi i ka moe kolohe i ka wā iʻoi aku kaʻinoʻino o nā kiʻi ponokala, i ka manawa e kōkua ai nā mea i ka hana kolohe, a me ka hypermasculine a me ka hoʻokūkino i ka moe kolohe (Hald & Malamuth, 2015).
  4. Ke hoʻohālikelikeʻia me nā mea hoʻohanaʻole,ʻo nā mea iʻikeʻia i nā kiʻiʻoi aku o nā pilakalaka nui ka nui o ka hōʻailona o ka hīmeni a me kaʻoi aku o ke kūpono i ka hanaʻana i nā wahine kolohe (Romero-Sanchez, Toro-Garcia, Horvath, & Megias, 2017).
  5. I ka wā i koho muaʻia ai ke kanaka i ka huhū ma nā'āina'ē aʻe, he mea nui loa ka hoʻonanei kolohe i ka hoʻonuiʻana i ka huhū wahine (Baer, ​​Kohut, & Fisher, 2015).
  6. ʻO ka nānāʻana i nā ponokala kiʻi pinepine i ka hana kolohe a me nā moe kolohe e like me nā hoa nui a me nā wāhine i mālamaʻoleʻia (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  7. Hiki i nā keiki hana hewa ma lalo o ka makahiki 21 ke pilikia i ka mālamaʻana i kā lākou pono ponokala a hoʻohana pinepine i ka hoʻohanaʻana i mea hoʻohilahila i nā keiki'ē aʻe (McKibbin et al., 2017).
  8. ʻO nāʻano o nā kāne e pili ana i kaʻoi aku o ka nānāʻana i nā kiʻi'ōlohelohe pila, e pili ana i ka moeʻana me ka kāne, e paʻa ana i kaʻike o nā keiki me he kolohe, he mau hoaaloha i nānā i nā kiʻi pākiko keiki, hoʻohana pono i nā ponokala kiʻi, nā kiʻi kolohe kiʻi kolohe, a me ka hoʻokomo i nā hana kolohe (Seto, Hermann, Kjellgren, Priebe, Svedin, & Langstrom, 2015).
  9. ʻO kahi kumu i pili ai i nā kiʻi ponokala kiʻi i ka hoʻonāukihue i ke kolohe,ʻo ka hoʻomakaʻana o nā mea nānā e hoʻolālā i nā hōʻailona pili e pili ana i ka hakakā a laila eʻimi e hana i kēia mau mea (Marshall, Miller, & Bouffard, 2018).
  10. Aia i waena o nā kānaka e hopohopo nui ana no ka hana kolohe i ka moe kolohe, nānā ponoʻana i nā kiʻi ponokala kolohe a iʻole nā ​​kiʻi pīkino keikikāne e hoʻonui i ka pilikia no ka hana kolohe i ka wahine, e hoʻonui i ka momona i ke ahi a lākou e hana kolohe ai. I kekahi mau mea, nānā ka nānā ponoʻana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole i mea hoʻolālā e alakaʻi ai i kekahi mea kūponoʻole paha paha iʻole e hana pono pēlā (Malamuth, 2018).
  11. ʻO ka nui o nā kāne a me nā wāhine e nānā pono i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni,ʻo ka liʻiliʻi paha iā lākou e kōkua i ka paleʻana i ka hōʻeha kolohe (Foubert & Bridges, 2017).
Hana Hana
  1. ʻO ka poʻe i nānā i nāʻike kiʻi kiʻi pilikino i emi iho ka nui o ka nohokino pili i ka wahine a me kaʻike i nā meaʻeleʻele i nā mea kiʻekiʻe ma ka hoʻohālikelikeʻana i ka poʻe i nānāʻole i nā kiʻi ponoʻole (Wery & Billieux, 2016).
  2. ʻO nā mea maʻamau o nā kiʻi pilakalakala ka hōʻikeʻana i nā haʻawina o kaʻoluʻolu i kā lākou hana maʻamau, nā nīnau e pili ana i ko lākou hōʻehaʻeha, nā haʻawina o ke kino-nui (Sun, Bridges, Johnson, & Ezzell, 2016).
  3. ʻO nā mea'ē aʻe iʻikeʻia e nā kiʻi pilau,ʻo ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa paha (Wright, Bridges, Sun,'Ezzell, & Johnson, 2017).
  4. Me ka hoʻonuiʻana i ka ponokala kiʻi,ʻoi aku ka pilikino o nā kāne, nā moe koloheʻole, a me nā mea piliʻole i ka wahine (Braithwaite, Coulson, Keddington, & Fincham, 2015).
  5. ʻO nā wāhine i huiʻole i ka porn i ka moekolohe, me ko lākou pilina ma keʻano nui, a me ko lākou kino (Wright & Tokunaga, 2017).
Ka 'ikepili o nā kiʻi pilikino
  1. I loko o nā makahiki he hala i hala iho nei heʻumi makahiki i ka nui o ka hoʻokani pila, ka porn porn, ke porn porn, a me nā hana wili i hōʻikeʻia i ka porn i hoʻonui nuiʻia (DeKeseredy, 2015).
  2. I loko o nā makahiki he hala i hala iho nei, ua hoʻonui nuiʻia ka'eneʻaneʻi i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni e pili ana i ka poʻe'ōpio (ma luna a ma lalo o ka makahiki o kaʻaeʻana) (Walker, Makin, Morczek, 2016).
  3. Hiki i nā wāhine hana ma nā wikiō paʻi kiʻi ke hōʻike i kaʻoluʻolu ke kuhikuhiʻia ka huhū (e like me ka lapuʻana, kaʻili āpau, kaʻili paha, a me ka hōʻailona ikaika) iā lākou; inā he'ōpiopio ka mea hana. ʻO kēia mau wikiō e hoʻomau i ka manaʻo e makemake nā wāhine e hoʻokau i ka moekolohe a me ka moekolohe (Shor, 2018).
  4. Ma kahi wale nō kahua hoʻolālā kiʻi pono, hiki i ka poʻe malihini kipa he 33.5 hōʻea i nā kiʻi pīkoi ma 2018. Ke hele nei nā kipa i kēlā me kēia lā ma mua o 100 miliona. Hoʻopili ka pūnaewele 962 i ka lua. I kēlā me kēia minuke 63,992 hou nā malihini kipa i kona pūnaewele (pornhub.com).
  5. E nānā pono nā kiʻi ponoʻole o nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻo ka nui loa paha ia o lākou e hōʻole i nā wāhine i kēlā pilakalakala (Skorska, Hodson & Hoffarth, 2018).
ka noʻonoʻo 'Health
  1. ʻO ka hoʻohanaʻana i nā ponokala kolohe e pili ana i ka emiʻole o ka pilina, ka pili pili liʻiliʻi, ka loliʻole a me ka nui o ke kaumaha (Hesse & Floyd, 2019).
  2. ʻO nā wāhine e hoʻohana nei i nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻaʻole paha lākou e hoʻopunipuni a mālamaʻole paha i nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻopiʻiʻana a me kaʻikeʻole i ko lākou kino (Maas & Dewey, 2018).
  3. I ke aʻoʻana i ka nānāʻana i ka lolo o nā kāne, uaʻike nā neurologists i ka hanaʻana o ka lolo i waena o nā mea hoʻokani pokopoko i hōʻike i ka hōʻailona maʻamau, e like me ka waiwai a me ka hōʻailona pīpī (Gola, Wordecha, Sescousse, Lew-Starowicz, Kossowski, Wypych, Makeig, Potenza & Māneka, 2017).
  4. ʻO nā wahine i hoʻohui pū i ka ponokala kiʻi eʻoi aku ka loaʻa o nā pilikiaʻai (Tylka & Calogero 2019).
  5. ʻO nā keikikāne e piʻi kiʻekiʻe ana i ka pono o nā kiʻi pāʻanikala, hikiʻole iā lākou ke mare ma mua o nā kāne me nā kūlana haʻahaʻa (Perry & Longest, 2018).
  6. ʻO ka nui o ka mea i mareʻia e ka mea i mareʻia i ka laweʻana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole ka mea i emiʻole i ka maleʻana (Perry, 2016).
hoomana
  1. ʻO ka pinepine o nā kānaka e nānā i nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻo ka mea nuiʻole i kā lākou hoʻomana. Eia kekahi,ʻo ka nui o nā kānaka e nānā i nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻo ka liʻiliʻi paha iā lākou e mālama i ke kūlana alakaʻi ma ko lākou huiʻana i nā makahiki 6 i hala iho nei (Perry, 2018).
  2. ʻO nā kānaka'ē aʻe ka poʻe hoʻomana,ʻo ka emi pinepine pinepine lākou e hoʻohana i nā kiʻi pono. Aʻo ka mea liʻiliʻi pinepine lākou i ka hoʻohana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻo ka liʻiliʻi paha i nā wāhine hoʻokaumaha ma ka pūnaewele (Hagen, Thompson, & Williams, 2018).
  3. ʻO kaʻoihana o ke aloha o ka wahine,ʻo ka emiʻole o lākou i nā kiʻi ponoʻole. Ke manaʻo nei ka mea noiʻi noi e hiki ke hoʻemiʻia ka pono o ka ponokala kiʻi ma waena o ka poʻeʻAmelika ma o ka hoʻonuiʻana i ka pilina o ka hoʻomana a me ka lokahi ma waena o ke kāne, a no laila e emi ana ka makemake a me nā manawa kūpono e nānā i nā kiʻi paʻikala (Perry, 2017).
ʻO nā mea'ōpio
  1. Hōʻike nā papahana mua i ka paʻakikī o ka'ōpiopio'ōpiopio i nā mea pilikinoʻoi aku ma mua o nā'ōkō'ōpio (Brown & Wisco, 2019).
  2. Keʻikeʻia nei nā haʻawina 19 eʻike ana i nā'ōpio e nānā pono i nā ponokala kiʻi nui e komo i loko o nā moe kolohe a me ka hopohopo paha (Principi et al., 2019).
  3. Ma waena o nā'ōpiopio, hoʻonui ka pāʻani kiʻi kiʻi i nā makahiki, a me nā keikikāne. ʻO nā keiki i hele i nāʻoihana hoʻomana he pinepine lākou e nānā i nā kiʻi ponoʻole (Rasmussen & Bierman, 2016).
  4. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e hoʻohana nei i nā kiʻi kolohe eʻoi aku ka hana i ka moe kolohe (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016; Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  5. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e hoʻohana nei i nā kiʻi kolohe eʻoi aku ka pilikia o ka pilinaʻohana (Peter & Valkenburg, 2016).
  6. ʻO nā kāne e hōʻike nei i ka pono o nā'ōlohelohe i ka wā o ka'ōpiopio, e like me ka lawe pinepineʻana i nā ponokala kiʻi i nā manawa a pau e nānā i nā mea paʻakikī, e like me ka hanaʻino, e hoʻomau i ka manaʻo. I ka wā ma mua, ua emiʻole ka makemake o kēia mau kānaka i ka pili kinoʻana e like me ka nānāʻiaʻana me he lapuʻole a me keʻoluʻoluʻole. No laila, nele nā ​​kāne i ka mea e hiki ai ke moekolohe me ke hoa pilikino maoli. ʻO kekahi poʻe i hāʻawi i ka ponokala kiʻi i "hōʻeuʻeu hou" a loaʻa hou iā lākou ka mea hiki ke hanaʻia me kahi hoa hana (Begovic, 2019).
  7. ʻO nā keikikāne e nānā pono ana i nā kiʻi pāʻoniʻoni, e komo paha lākou ma ka hoʻounaʻana i nāʻelele a me nā kiʻi likeʻole (Stanley et al., 2016).
  8. ʻO ka nānā ponoʻana o nā keikikāne i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni e pili ana i ka hoʻonuiʻana i ka hoʻokaukino a me ka hoʻomāʻewaʻewa (Stanley et al., 2016).
  9. Ma ka poʻe makahiki 10-21, hiki i ka hoʻonāukiuki ponoʻole ka hopena i ka hoʻonāukiuki, ka hoʻouluākualā, kaʻaeʻana i ke kolohe, ka ho'āʻo i ka hoʻoihā, a me ka wahine maleki (Ybarra & Thompson, 2017).
  10. ʻO ka poʻe'ōpio i ka hōʻikeʻana i nā kiʻi ponokala i emi iho ai ke ola (Willoughby, Young-Petersen, a me Leonhardt, 2018).
  11. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e nānā pono ana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole e emi iho ka hoʻomana i ka manawa (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  12. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e nānā pono i nā kiʻi paʻikala eʻoi aku paha ka hopena i ka moe kolohe (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  13. ʻO nā keikikāne e nānā mau ana i nā kiʻi pāʻanikala,ʻoi aku ka mea e hoʻomau i ka hoʻouka kaua (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  14. ʻO ka nui o nā poʻe'ōpio e nānā i nā kiʻi paʻikala,ʻo kaʻoi aku ka nui o ko lākou manaʻoʻiʻoʻana iā lākou,ʻo ka nui o kā lākou pule a me ka piliʻana i ke Akua a me nā kānaluaʻoihana hoʻomana o lākou (Alexandraki et al. , 2018).
  15. ʻO nā poʻe'ōpiopio i pili pū i nā alakaʻi pule i nā haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa o nā kiʻi ponokala kiʻi (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  16. ʻO nā mea'ōpiopio e nānā pono i nā kiʻi'onikala eʻoi aku ka pilikia o ka pilina me ko lākou mau hoa (Alexandraki, et al., 2018).
  17. ʻO nā keikikōne e hoʻohana nei i nā kiʻi ponokala he pinepine paha i ke kaumaha a me ka palaka (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  18. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e hoʻohana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole,ʻoi aku ko lākou mau pilinaʻoi aku me ko lākou mau mākua, ka haʻahaʻa haʻahaʻa i ko lākouʻohana, manaʻoʻiʻo i ko lākou mau mākua e piliʻole ana iā lākou, a kamaʻilio pū me ko lākou mau mākua (Alexandraki et al., 2018).
  19. ʻO nā mea'ōpio e nānā pono ana i nā kiʻiʻoniʻoni hiki i ka hoʻomakaʻana i ka moe kolohe i ka wā ma mua. ʻO kēia hoʻomaka mua o ka moe kolohe ma muli o keʻano o nā manaʻo e pili ana i nā moe kolohe e pili pono ana i kā lākou kiʻi ponokala (Van Oosten, Jochen, & Vandenbosch, 2017).
  20. E noi ana i nā'ōpio inā hoʻohana lākou i nā kiʻi ponokala kiʻiʻole he mea e pili ana inā e hiki pono paha lākou i nā kiʻi ponoʻole i kēia mua aku (Koletic, Cohen, Stulhofer, a me Kohut, 2019).

E hoʻomaopopo '

ʻO Alexandraki, K., Stavropoulos, V., Anderson, E., Latifi, MQ, a me Gomez, (2018). Hoʻopiʻi nā kiʻi pilapili a nā keikikāne:ʻO nā papahana hoʻonaʻauao kūikawā o nāʻimi noiʻi 2000-2017. Nā Nīnau Pinepine o nāʻanuʻu 14 (47) doi.org/10.2174/2211556007666180606073617.

ʻO Baer, ​​JL, Kohut, T., a me Fisher, WA (2015). Hāʻalo anei ka pornokala i ka hakakā me ka wahine kū'ē i ka wahine? Ke nānā hou nei i ka Modal Confluence me nāʻano loliʻekolu. Ka Nānā Pelekaneʻo Kanana, 24 (2), 160-173.

Begovic, H. (2019)ʻO nā kiʻi'enekala i hoʻokumuʻia i ka'ōlohelohe o nā'ōpiopio i waena o nā'ōpio. Ka Hoʻohanohano: He Nīpepa e pili ana i ka hoʻohanaʻana i ka hana kolohe a me ka hanaʻino, 4 (1), Mea 5. DOI: 10.23860 / dignity.2019.04.01.05

Braithwaite, S., Coulson, G., Keddington, K., & Fincham, F. (2015). Ka hopena o nā ponokala kiʻi ma nā palapala pilikino a me ka hookumuʻana i waena o nā mākua i puka i ke kulanui. Ka Moʻomanaʻo o ka Hoʻomeheu Hana, 44 (1), 111-123

ʻO Brown, JA & Wisco, JJ (2019). Nā lālā o ka lolo a ka'ōpiopio a me kona kūlana kūʻokoʻa i nā mea pilikino. Ka Nūpepa o ke Kamaliʻi, 72, 10-13.

DeKeseredy, WS (2015). ʻO nāʻike noʻonoʻo kūpono o nā kiʻi pīkoi pono a me ka hoʻomāʻewaʻewa wahine: Nā alakaʻi hou hou i ka noiʻi a me ke kumumanaʻo. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4, 4-21.

Honouliuli, JD & Bridges, AJ (2017). He aha ka meaʻono? Ka hoʻomaopopo i kaʻokoʻa kāne a me nā kumu no ka nānāʻana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole i ka pilina me ke kuʻiʻana. Ka Nūpepa o ka Pāʻani Puʻewaena, 32 (20), 3071-3089.

Gola, Mr. Wordecha, Mr., Sescousse, G., Lew-Starowicz, M., Kossowski, B., Wypch, M., Makeig, S., Potenza, MN & Marchewka, A. (2017). Hiki i nā ponokala ke pāʻani? ʻO kahi o ka MMRI o nā kānaka eʻimi ana i ka palekana no ka pilikia o nā kiʻi pono. Nā Neuropsyhopharmacology, 42 (10), 2021-2031.

Hagen, T., Thompson, MP, a me Williams, J. (2018). Hoʻololi ka hoʻomanaʻana i ka huhū huhū a me ka hakakā ma kahi hui lōʻihi o nā kāne o ke kulanui: Mediating role of norms, promiscuity, and pornography. Ka Nupepa no ka Haʻawina Haumana o Religion, 57, 95-108.

Hald, G., & Malamuth, M. (2015). Nā hopena hoʻokolohua e pili ana i kaʻike i ka ponokalakala: Ka hopena o ka pilina a me ka hopena i ka hopena o ka huhū wahine. Ka Moʻomanaʻo o ka Hoʻomeheu Hana, 44 (1), 99-109.

Hesse, C. & Floyd, K. (2019). Ka hoʻololi aloha: Ka hopena o ka loaʻa pono o nā ponokala kiʻi ma nā pili pili. Ka Moʻolelo o ka pilina a me nā pilina pilikino. DOI: 10.1177 / 0265407519841719.

Koletic, G., Cohen, N., Stulhofer, A., a me Kohut, T. (2019). Ke noi nei paha lākou i nā'ōpio e pili ana i nā kiʻi ponoʻole? He hōʻailona o ka hopena nīnau-hali. Ka Nūpepa o kaʻIke Hana, 56 (2), 1-18.

Maas, MK & Dewey, S. (2018). Ka hoʻohana pūnaewele pūnaewele i waena o nā wāhine hānai: nā kūkākūkā wahine, ka nānāʻana i ke kino, a me ka moe kolohe. Wehewehe, DOI: 10.1177 / 2158244018786640.

Malutū, NM (2018). "E hoʻoulu i ka wahie i ke ahi"? Hiki i ka hoʻouluʻana i ke kanaka makuaʻole a iʻole i nā kiʻi paʻi kiʻi keiki ke piʻi i ka hopena o ka huhū wahine? Ka Hoʻonāukiuki a me ka Haʻewaʻewa Pōʻino, 41, 74-89.

Marshall, EA, Miller, HA, & Bouffard, JA (2018). Ka hoʻolālāʻana i ka lapaʻau:ʻO ka hoʻohanaʻana i ke kumukānāwai palapala pilikino e ho'ākāka i ka pilina ma waena o ka hoʻohana pono kiʻi kiʻi me ka hoʻonākau. Ka Nūpepa o ka Pōʻani Kū'ē, DOI: 10.1177 / 0886260518795170.

McKibbin, G., Humphreys, C., a me Hamilton, B. (2017). "ʻO ka'ōlelo e pili ana i ka hana hoʻomāinoino keiki e kōkua iā ia iaʻu":ʻO nā poʻe'ōpio i hoʻomāinoinoʻia me ka moe kolohe e noʻonoʻo i ka paleʻana i nā moe kolohe. Hoʻopilikia a keiki & Neglect, 70, 210-221.

Mikorski, RM, & Szymanski, D. (2017). ʻO nā maʻamau kanaka, nā hoa, nā kiʻi pono, Facebook, a me nā moekoloheʻana o nā kāne i nā wāhine. Psychology o nā kāne a me ke kāne, 18 (4), 257-267.

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Inā makemakeʻoe e hoʻi i ke kumu no kēia, e nānā: https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet-2019

Eia ka papa inoa mua o nā pepa i paʻiʻia ma ka 2016. https://www.johnfoubert.com/porn-research-fact-sheet

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